Statue of Jupiter

Ancient Rome, End of the 1st century

The statue of Jupiter in the Hermitage collection is one of the largest sculptures from Classical Antiquity in any museum in the world. The statue was found during archaeological excavations at the villa of Emperor Domitian, who reigned from 81 to 96 AD. The colossal statue of the supreme god was made by a Roman sculptor of the Flavian era. Under the Flavian emperors Rome reached its peak and became the capital of the civilized world. In the city the Colosseum was competed and the Arch of Titus built; Latin (or Roman) law was introduced in the provinces. It was in the time of this dynasty that the famous eruption of Mount Vesuvius took place, burying and preserving the splendours of Pompeii and Herculaneum. The art of the Flavian period (69–96 AD) is a magnificent part of the world’s heritage. The composition and manner of execution seen in the statue of Jupiter are reminiscent of the lost statue of Zeus created by Phidias for the temple at Olympia. That work was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The philosopher and historian Dio Chrysostom said in a famous speech that whoever “stood before this image, would forget all the terrors and hardships that fall to our human lot”. In his work, the Roman sculptor combined marble with gilded wood and plaster to imitate a finish of gold and ivory.

Title:

Statue of Jupiter

Place:

Dimensions:

347,0 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1862; originally in the Marquis Campana collection in Rome

Inventory Number:

ГР-4155

Category:

Collection:

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